The ancient history of Athens goes back to more than 5,000 years ago. In the 8th century BC, Athens became the capital of the unified kingdom of Attica. Although most of the houses were made out of mud and straw and the streets were not paved, it was the first place in the world to know and make use of Democracy by the Cleisthenes in the 5th century BC. The city was also an important center for theatre and the arts. This ancient history and cultural influence attract several travelers to spend a vacation in Greece.
There is the Kerameikos for example that is usually missed by many tourists who travel to Greece. This ancient site was the center of the production of ceramics in ancient Athens. However, afterwards, the area became an important ancient burial site that dates back to the 5th century BC.
Another important historical site in Greece would be Agora as it was the commercial heart of the city for more than 500 years from the 2nd century BC till the 3rd century AD. This was where tradesmen brought salt, oil, wheat, and many other produces to sell them during ancient times. This historical site also hosts a number of temples and many ancient structures.
One can explore the Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens for example. One of the biggest and most impressive ancient temples of the country, this huge building was completed over a period that extended for more than 7 centuries from the 5th century BC till the 2nd century AD. However, the only remaining section of this once glorious temple is 15 huge marble columns.
Dating back to the 4th century BC, the Erechtheum is an additional notable historical site of Athens that is sometimes included in travel packages to Greece. This is considered a rare example of the Greek temples decided to the worship of the god Polias.
While in Athens, tourists enjoying their holidays in Greece, shall never miss the chance of exploring Plaka, the region situated below the famous Acropolis of Athens. A walk around this popular neighborhood is extremely enjoyable as it embodies the traditional culture and heritage of Greece.
The most important and popular contemporary monument of Athens often visited everyday by numerous tourists who travel to Greece is the Square of Syntagma. The most significant constructions in the square include the building of the Unknown Soldier and how the guards protecting it rotate together. There is also the building of the Greek parliament and much more to be experienced and enjoyed.
An important place to visit while on a trip to Greece is the Athens National Museum. The displays of the museum illustrate a long period of the ancient Greek history from prehistoric periods. It is also considered to be one of the largest and finest museums in the whole world. Established in 1829, the museum hosts a huge collection of displays from various eras.
Are you a fan of museums where antiquities are positioned in the finest atmosphere? A visit to the Byzantine Christian Museum of Athens is recommended then! This museum is one of the largest in Europe that illustrates the magnificent art of the Byzantine period. The displays include cloth, icons, motifs, and some remarkable sections of ruined Byzantine churches from various sections of Greece.